Schizophrenia is a very severe, chronic and disabling disorder of the mind that affects circa 1% of the total population at a point in their entire lifetime. It is characterized by hallucinations, delusions, physical agitation, and incoherence among other schizophrenic symptoms that send the mind into total confusion. While there is enough evidence to prove that genetic factors have a significant role in the development of this disorder, there are other causes, albeit unknown, that are believed to trigger the onset of the condition, or worsen an existing mild condition.
One point of note is that schizophrenia falls under the category of a “thought” disorder, while its closest relative, Bipolar Disorder, falls under the “mood” disorder category. In general, while Bipolar disorder can sometimes include psychotic features related to those of schizophrenia, very rarely will you find someone suffering from schizophrenia having mood swings.
Another point of note is that this condition tends to develop much earlier in men than their female counterparts, mostly in their late teens or during their early twenties. Women on the other hand may develop the condition in their late twenties or during their early thirties. Needless to mention, someone going through the delusions and hallucinations brought about by this disorder will often have very disturbed interpersonal relationships. No wonder most patients are often very withdrawn and fearful all the time, with disorganized behavior and speech.
The good news is that there are very effective medications in the market which can help keep the condition under control, especially if it is detected early enough.