Schizophrenia is a severe mental disorder that takes a patient from reality to a world full of hallucinations, confusion, delusions and terrifying danger. These and other symptoms are often categorized as either positive, negative or cognitive, and it is from the symptoms that the various types of schizophrenia are derived and classed. They include:-
Disorganized-type schizophrenia – this type is marked by behavior and speech that are difficult to comprehend, disorganized and inappropriate or flattening emotions. Someone suffering from this type of schizophrenia can laugh at the changing colors of traffic lights. Needless to mention, such a disorganized behavior is known to disrupt normal activities like preparing meals, eating, dressing, showering etc.
Paranoid-type schizophrenia – this category is marked by auditory hallucinations and delusions. This is where someone is hearing voices that do not exist although they have near-perfect intellectual expression and functioning of effect. The delusions could be about being another person such as a celebrity and can be exhibited through anxiety, aloofness, anger etc.
Catatonic-type schizophrenia – third category is a type that affects movement. Someone suffering from this category can decide to be completely immobile or very mobile, moving up and down all over the place. They can decide to keep quiet for hours, or to repeat every word said to them.
Residual-type schizophrenia – this category is characterized by prior history of at least a single episode of schizophrenia, but the patient has no positive symptoms to write home about.
Undifferentiated-type schizophrenia – marked by all the above-mentioned symptoms of different categories but not enough symptoms to be categorized and defined any specific type of schizophrenia.